October 23 is a national holiday in
. In 1956 we had a revolt against the government of the People's Republic of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until Hungary 10 November 1956.
The revolt began as a student demonstration which attracted thousands as it marched through central
to the Parliament building. A student delegation entering the radio building in an attempt to broadcast its demands was detained. When the delegation's release was demanded by the demonstrators outside, they were fired upon by the State Security Police from within the building. The news spread quickly and disorder and violence erupted throughout the capital. Budapest
The revolt spread quickly across
, and the government fell. Thousands organized into militias, battling the State Security Police (ÁVH) and Soviet troops. Pro-Soviet communists and ÁVH members were often executed or imprisoned, as former prisoners were released and armed. Impromptu councils wrested municipal control from the ruling Hungarian Working People's Party and demanded political changes. The new government formally disbanded the ÁVH, declared its intention to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact and pledged to re-establish free elections. By the end of October, fighting had almost stopped and a sense of normality began to return. Hungary
After announcing a willingness to negotiate a withdrawal of Soviet forces, the Politburo changed its mind and moved to crush the revolution. On 4 November, a large Soviet force invaded
and other regions of the country. Hungarian resistance continued until 10 November. Over 2,500 Hungarians and 700 Soviet troops were killed in the conflict, and 200,000 Hungarians fled as refugees. Mass arrests and denunciations continued for months thereafter. By January 1957, the new Soviet-installed government had suppressed all public opposition. These Soviet actions alienated many Western Marxists, yet strengthened Soviet control over Budapest Central Europe.
Public discussion about this revolution was suppressed in
for over 30 years, but since the thaw of the 1980s it has been a subject of intense study and debate. At the inauguration of the Hungary in 1989, October 23 was declared a national holiday. Third Hungarian Republic
I guess because of this date the fall break was set for this weekend. I went home not just because of the break, but 1. to see my father and 2. to celebrate Erik's - my nephew’s birthday!
|Helping out to blow off the candles|
|He loves teddy bears!|
It was good to be at home and to see my family, to play with the kids but I also got bad news.
You might say it’s not a big deal, but if you’d love her as much as I do… my little kitty got sick. We brought her to the vet and he told us, it’s only an infection… but why we thought she would die? Because she’s dying. She has lever cancer. Now, we have to wait… if she’ll be better, it’s okay but if those medicines don’t help, we have to put her sleep.
The question is if she’ll be alive or dead when I’ll come home for Christmas break.
|Arthur & Vacak|